The term breeding refers to the mating and production of offspring by animals or other living organisms. It can also refer to the activity of controlling or mediating in the mating and reproduction of organisms. Breeding is also used synonymously with the term reproduction, which is the biological process where new individual organisms—referred to as offspring—are produced from parent organisms. Reproduction is a fundamental and important feature of all known life in the planet, with each individual organism existing as a result of this biological process. There are two types of reproduction: sexual and asexual.
Sexual reproduction often requires two individuals or gametes to be involved in the process. However, asexual reproduction can be more complicated. An individual organism with the capability to reproduce asexually is able to reproduce without the involvement of another individual of the same species. A bacterial has the ability to divide itself into two daughter cells. But asexual reproduction is not limited to single-celled organisms.
For many animals, breeding season is the most suitable season for reproduction. Typically, a breeding season has favorable conditions, as well as abundant food and water, which makes it ideal for wild animals and even birds to procreate. Species that have a breeding season have evolved—through natural means—to have sexual intercourse with other individuals of the same species during a particular time of the year in order to achieve the best chances of reproductive success.
Some species also breed in colonies (or large communities), and this practice is known as communal breeding. With these species, it is common to see large groups of individuals gathering in a particular location.
This section contains scientific information on breeding, a term that refers to the mating and production of offspring by animals or other living organisms.
Coker, Daniel R.; Capen, David E., 1995: Landscape-level habitat use by brown-headed cowbirds in Vermont. Journal Of Wildlife Management. 59(4): 631-637 We studied the distribution of brown-headed cowbirds (Molothrus ater) in a forested landscape in central Vermont to better understand effects of forest disturbance on the occurrence of this species in New England. We mapped [...]
Ruvuna, F.; Kogi, J. K.; Taylor, J. F.; Mkuu, S. M., 1995: Lactation curves among crosses of Galla and East African with Toggenburg and Anglo Nubian goats. Small Ruminant Research. 16(1): 1-6 Morning milk yields of nursing does recorded at Ol’Magogo in Kenya from 1989 to 1992 were used to characterize goat lactation curves. Kids [...]
Hucl, P.; Baker, R. J., 1995: LOTIL high-yielding spring wheat. Canadian Journal Of Plant Science. 75(1): 209-210 Lotil spring wheat germplasm was selected on the basis of reduced tillering capacity and high grain yield from three crosses involving an oligoculm parent. This germplasm yielded up to 42% more than the free-tillering cultivar Neepawa but was [...]
Stephens, C.; Masamu, E. T.; Kiama, M. G.; Keto, A. J.; Kinenekejo, M.; Ichimori, K.; Lines, J., 1995: Knowledge of mosquitos in relation to public and domestic control activities in the cities of Dar es Salaam and Tanga. Bulletin Of The World Health Organization. 73(1): 97-104 A study of community awareness of mosquitos and related [...]
Hirsjarvi, P.; Phyala, L., 1995: Ivermectin treatment of a colony of guineapigs infested with fur mite (Chirodiscoides caviae). Laboratory Animals 29(2): 200-203 Ivermectin was used for treating a breeding colony of guineapigs heavily infested with fur mite Chirodiscoides caviae. In preliminary experiments on different dosages and routes of administration, spraying with diluted Ivomec (ivermectin 0.2 [...]
Denis, M; Renard, M; Krebbers, E., 1995: Isolation of homozygous transgenic Brassica napus lines carrying a seed-specific chimeric 2S albumin gene and determination of linkage relationships. Molecular breeding: new strategies in plant improvement(2): 143-153 Using Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated gene transfer, 14 T0 Brassica napus plants carrying one of three chimeric 2s albumin seed protein genes were [...]
Pinikahana, Jayaratne, 1993: Irrigation projects, population movement and malaria transmission. Mosquito Borne Diseases Bulletin. 10(2): 48-53 A review of empirical research investigating the association between irrigation projects, population movements and malaria indicates that this has been fairly consistently studied. There seems to be hardly any dispute about the fact that irrigation projects and population movements [...]
Hwang, Ji Sen, 1994: Investigations on the distribution and breeding habitats of dengue vectors in Liuchiu, Pingtung. Zhonghua Kunchong. 14(3): 307-317 During surveys made in August 1989 in eight villages, both Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) were found to be present in high numbers with density figures above 6, and the former species [...]
Hwang, Ji Sen; Hsu, Err Lieh, 1994: Investigations on the distribution and breeding habitats of dengue vectors in Kaohsiung City. Zhonghua Kunchong. 14(2): 233-244 Larval surveys were made in 11 administrative districts during the years 1989-1991, revealing the presence of both Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse). The former species was predominant (70%). The [...]